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From Suffrage to Representation: Women upon Enfranchisement in Norway, United States and Chile

How did women achieve representation of collective interests upon their entry to the electorate? Extant research highlights the importance of suffragists in securing the vote, but overwhelmingly neglects the continued legacy of suffragists for the quality of women's substantive representation after the vote. Uncovering the complexities in the realization of women's substantive representation after suffrage, I document how suffragists facilitated women's mobilization and responsiveness to women's group interests in Norway, United States and Chile. Newly enfranchised women faced a plethora of logistic, social and political barriers to voting, and the socio-economic heterogeneities within the group further impeded the development of women as a distinct political group. Yet a disengaged electorate with latently distinct preferences would hardly stand a chance of being represented by politicians. Through the analysis of original micro-level data on suffragists' arguments, activities, women's turnout, newspaper ads and politicians' legislative votes, I document how suffragists, operating within favourable electoral contexs, facilitated the development of newly enfranchised women as political beings and a distinct political group that politicians could no longer ignore in elections and the legislature.

[Book Outline


Morgan-Collins, Mona. 2023. Bringing in the New Votes: Turnout of Women after Enfranchisement, American Political Science Review

Funded by ESRC grant

Featured in Broadstreet blog, April 2022.


Morgan-Collins, Mona (first author) & Grace Natusch (2022). At the Intersection of Gender and Class: How Were Newly Enfranchised Women Voters Mobilized in Sweden? Comparative Political Studies.


Morgan-Collins, Mona. 2021. The Electoral Impact of Newly Enfranchised Groups: The Case of Women's Suffrage in the United States. The Journal of Politics.

Featured in LSE USAPP blog, March 2021

Featured by LSE Research highlights, accompanied by a video interview.

Featured in APSA Comparative Politics Newsletter, Spring 2017.

Morgan-Collins, Mona (first author) & Jan Meyer-Sahling. 2020. Stepping out of the Shadow of the Past: How Career Attributes Shape Ministerial Stability in Post-Communist Democracies. East European Politics.

Funded by Small Research Grant, British Academy


Suffrage, Turnout and the Household: How Marriage Mobilized Newly Enfranchised Wives and their Husbands in Urban Sweden.

(with Dylan Potts, graduate student, EUI); Revise and Resubmit, Journal of Politics

Becoming Political: How Marching Suffragists Facilitated Women's Electoral Participation in England.

(with Valeria Rueda, University of Nottingham)

CEPR working paper

Funded by BA/Leverhulme Small Research Grant, £9,987

Funded by ESRC grant

Mind the Gap: The Case of Proportional Systems and the Gender Mobilization Gap

Funded by ESRC grant


Revisiting the Gender Voting Gap in the Era of Women's Suffrage 

(with Dawn L. Teele, University of Pennsylvania)

Recipient of the APSA Best Paper Award 2017, Women and Politics Section

[Abstract] [Working Paper]

Votes for and by Women: How Did Women Vote after the Nineteenth Amendment?

Listen to a podcast where I discuss some of this research (with James Snyder)

PSPE LSE working paper

Universal Suffrage and the Support for Parties with Redistributive Agendas: Evidence from 17 Western Countries 

The Political Impact of Women's Suffrage in Chile and Argentina

(with Dawn Teele, UPenn; Guadalupe Tunon, Berkeley; Anna Callis, Berkeley)


War and Women: Political Legacies of Sexual Violence in the Soviet Zone 

(with Ulrike Theuerkauf, UEA) 

Funded by APSA Small Research Grant, $1,500

Protesting for the Vote:  How Suffragists secured the vote in the U.S.

Church or Labour? How Were Early Women Voters Mobilized in Austria? 



What Can the History of Women's Suffrage Teach Us About Women in Politics Today?, FUTURUM, 2023

Bringing in the New Votes: Turnout of Women after Enfranchisement, Broadstreet blog, 2022

For American Suffragists, Winning the Right to Vote was just a Start in Securing Greater Representation for Women, LSE USAPP blog, 2021

The Electoral Impact of Women’s Suffrage: The Case of the Nineteenth Amendment, Comparative Politics Newsletter, APSA Comparative Politics Newsletter, Spring 2017.

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